需要在本地搭建环境可以点击下载

Pass-01

查看源代码

function checkFile() {
var file = document.getElementsByName('upload_file')[0].value;
if (file == null || file == "") {
alert("请选择要上传的文件!");
return false;
}
//定义允许上传的文件类型
var allow_ext = ".jpg|.png|.gif";
//提取上传文件的类型
var ext_name = file.substring(file.lastIndexOf("."));
//判断上传文件类型是否允许上传
if (allow_ext.indexOf(ext_name + "|") == -1) {
var errMsg = "该文件不允许上传,请上传" + allow_ext + "类型的文件,当前文件类型为:" + ext_name;
alert(errMsg);
return false;
}
}

分析发现它是通过javascript判断jpg|png|gif后缀名的文件,可以不用鸟他。直接绕过

进行文件上传测试

  • 上传一个符合条件的文件使用burpsuite抓包,修改文件名即可
  • 也可以在浏览器中禁用JavaScript

less-1.png

Pass-02

查看源代码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
if (($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/jpeg') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/png') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/gif')) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name']
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '文件类型不正确,请重新上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH.'文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

上传时判断了文件类型,在上传的时候会自动判断文件类型,跟第一题一个思路,首先上传一个符合文件类型的文件抓包然后修改后缀名即可,也可以直接上传php文件然后修改文件类型

进行上传测试

less2.png

Pass-03

查看源代码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array('.asp','.aspx','.php','.jsp');
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

if(!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '不允许上传.asp,.aspx,.php,.jsp后缀文件!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

通过黑名单方式过滤了php等文件,修改了上传后的文件名。

需要掌握的知识点

  • 除了php还有php3、php4、php5、phtml等后缀名的文件可以执行php

进行上传测试

less-3.png

less-3.1.png

Pass-04

查看源代码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".php1",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".pHp1",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".ini");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

黑名单过滤基本包含了所有的危险文件。可以上传一个jpg文件,然后上传.htaccess文件将jpg解析为php

知识点

  • .htaccess文件解析,可以将指定的文件解析为其他文件。

.htaccess的基本作用(基本与httpd.conf相同)

  • URL重写、自定义错误页面
  • MIME类型配置
  • 访问权限控制等
  • 主要体现在伪静态的应用
  • 图片防盗链
  • 自定义404错误页面
  • 阻止/允许特定IP/IP段
  • 目录浏览与主页
  • 禁止访问指定文件类型
  • 文件密码保护

如何启用.htaccess

  • 开启mod_rewrite模块
  • 启用AllowOverride ALL

进行上传测试

上传一个jpg

less-4.png

less-4.1.png

less-4.2.png

Pass-05

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

过滤了.htaccess文件

知识点

  • .user.ini文件

.user.ini文件的作用(详细可以自行百度)

  • 防止用户跨目录访问
  • 防止文件跨目录读取等
  • 可以配置在每个php页面顶部或底部加载文件,例:auto_prepend_file=1.jpg(在顶部加载1.jpg文件)

配置.use.ini

  • user_ini.filename=”.user.ini” 设定了 PHP 会在每个目录下搜寻的文件名;如果设定为空字符串则 PHP 不会搜寻。默认值是 .user.ini。
  • user_ini.cache_ttl=300 控制着重新读取用户 INI 文件的间隔时间。默认是 300 秒(5 分钟)。

进行上传测试

  • 上传1.jpg文件

less-5.png

  • 上传.user.ini文件

less-5.1.png

在上传目录下有个readme.php文件,直接访问即可

less-5.2.png

Pass-06

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess",".ini");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

发现没有对后缀名的大小写进行过滤

进行上传测试

less-6.png

linux系统区分大小写,可以在windows系统中进行测试

less-6.1.png

Pass-07

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess",".ini");
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

没有对首尾去空

进行上传测试

less-7.png

less-7.1.png

Pass-08

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess",".ini");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

没有过滤文件末尾的点

进行上传测试

上传文件名为1.php.

less-8.png

less-8.1.png

Pass-09

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess",".ini");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

没有过滤::$data字符串

知识点

  • windows系统中,如果文件名为name+”::$data”会把data后的数据作为文件流处理,不检查后缀名

进行上传测试

上传文件名为1.php::$data的文件

less-9.png

less-9.1.png

Pass-10

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess",".ini");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

发现语句$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.’/‘.$file_name; 保存路径是拼接出来的。上传文件名为1.php. .

进行上传测试

less-10.png

less-10.1.png

Pass-11

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","pht","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess","ini");

$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = str_ireplace($deny_ext,"", $file_name);
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

黑名单把恶意文件后缀名替换为空,进行双写绕过,1.pphphp

进行文件上传测试

less-11.png

Pass-12

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = $_GET['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else{
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
}
}

分析源码,先提取文件的后缀名,然后对上传的文件进行重命名

知识点

  • 00截断,用%00把后面的字符串截断

进行文件上传测试

less-12.png

上传时把保存路径后面加%00,截断后上传的文件名为1.php

less-12.1.png

Pass-13

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = $_POST['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传失败";
}
} else {
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
}
}

分析源码,以POST传保存的路径名,提取文件后缀名,然后保存文件,由于POST不会像GET传参会吧%00自动解码,要在二进制中进行修改

进行上传测试

less-13.png

less-13.1.png

Pass-14

查看源码

function getReailFileType($filename){
$file = fopen($filename, "rb");
$bin = fread($file, 2); //只读2字节
fclose($file);
$strInfo = @unpack("C2chars", $bin);
$typeCode = intval($strInfo['chars1'].$strInfo['chars2']);
$fileType = '';
switch($typeCode){
case 255216:
$fileType = 'jpg';
break;
case 13780:
$fileType = 'png';
break;
case 7173:
$fileType = 'gif';
break;
default:
$fileType = 'unknown';
}
return $fileType;
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$file_type = getReailFileType($temp_file);

if($file_type == 'unknown'){
$msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
}else{
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_type;
if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}
}

读取文件头部信息判断文件类型,可以用copy /b a.jpg+x.php x.jpg。或者直接修改文件头部类型

进行文件上传测试

  • jpg(文件头部为FFD8FF)

less-14.png

  • png(文件头部为89504e47)

less-14.1.png

  • gif(文件头部为47494638)

less-14.2.png

Pass-15

查看源码

function isImage($filename){
$types = '.jpeg|.png|.gif';
if(file_exists($filename)){
$info = getimagesize($filename);
$ext = image_type_to_extension($info[2]);
if(stripos($types,$ext)>=0){
return $ext;
}else{
return false;
}
}else{
return false;
}
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$res = isImage($temp_file);
if(!$res){
$msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
}else{
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").$res;
if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}
}

同14关

Pass-16

查看源码

function isImage($filename){
//需要开启php_exif模块
$image_type = exif_imagetype($filename);
switch ($image_type) {
case IMAGETYPE_GIF:
return "gif";
break;
case IMAGETYPE_JPEG:
return "jpg";
break;
case IMAGETYPE_PNG:
return "png";
break;
default:
return false;
break;
}
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$res = isImage($temp_file);
if(!$res){
$msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
}else{
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$res;
if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}
}

同上

Pass-17

查看代码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])){
// 获得上传文件的基本信息,文件名,类型,大小,临时文件路径
$filename = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$filetype = $_FILES['upload_file']['type'];
$tmpname = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];

$target_path=UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.basename($filename);

// 获得上传文件的扩展名
$fileext= substr(strrchr($filename,"."),1);

//判断文件后缀与类型,合法才进行上传操作
if(($fileext == "jpg") && ($filetype=="image/jpeg")){
if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path)){
//使用上传的图片生成新的图片
$im = imagecreatefromjpeg($target_path);

if($im == false){
$msg = "该文件不是jpg格式的图片!";
@unlink($target_path);
}else{
//给新图片指定文件名
srand(time());
$newfilename = strval(rand()).".jpg";
//显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$newfilename;
imagejpeg($im,$img_path);
@unlink($target_path);
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}

}else if(($fileext == "png") && ($filetype=="image/png")){
if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path)){
//使用上传的图片生成新的图片
$im = imagecreatefrompng($target_path);

if($im == false){
$msg = "该文件不是png格式的图片!";
@unlink($target_path);
}else{
//给新图片指定文件名
srand(time());
$newfilename = strval(rand()).".png";
//显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$newfilename;
imagepng($im,$img_path);

@unlink($target_path);
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}

}else if(($fileext == "gif") && ($filetype=="image/gif")){
if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path)){
//使用上传的图片生成新的图片
$im = imagecreatefromgif($target_path);
if($im == false){
$msg = "该文件不是gif格式的图片!";
@unlink($target_path);
}else{
//给新图片指定文件名
srand(time());
$newfilename = strval(rand()).".gif";
//显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$newfilename;
imagegif($im,$img_path);

@unlink($target_path);
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = "上传出错!";
}
}else{
$msg = "只允许上传后缀为.jpg|.png|.gif的图片文件!";
}
}

解题

和第16关基本没有区别,多加了个判断content-type的方法

  • jpg content-type: image/jpeg
  • png content-type: image/png
  • gif content-type: image/gif

Pass-18

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;

if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$file_ext = substr($file_name,strrpos($file_name,".")+1);
$upload_file = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' . $file_name;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $upload_file)){
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/'. rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;
rename($upload_file, $img_path);
$is_upload = true;
}else{
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
unlink($upload_file);
}
}else{
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
}

把文件上传到服务器进行重命名,然后再删除文件。可以通过在unlink删除文件之前访问webshell,在burp中不断发送数据包

进行上传测试

用burp不断上传木马,然后不断访问木马(本地测试失败)

Pass-19

查看源码

//index.php
$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit']))
{
require_once("./myupload.php");
$imgFileName =time();
$u = new MyUpload($_FILES['upload_file']['name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['size'],$imgFileName);
$status_code = $u->upload(UPLOAD_PATH);
switch ($status_code) {
case 1:
$is_upload = true;
$img_path = $u->cls_upload_dir . $u->cls_file_rename_to;
break;
case 2:
$msg = '文件已经被上传,但没有重命名。';
break;
case -1:
$msg = '这个文件不能上传到服务器的临时文件存储目录。';
break;
case -2:
$msg = '上传失败,上传目录不可写。';
break;
case -3:
$msg = '上传失败,无法上传该类型文件。';
break;
case -4:
$msg = '上传失败,上传的文件过大。';
break;
case -5:
$msg = '上传失败,服务器已经存在相同名称文件。';
break;
case -6:
$msg = '文件无法上传,文件不能复制到目标目录。';
break;
default:
$msg = '未知错误!';
break;
}
}

//myupload.php
class MyUpload{
......
......
......
var $cls_arr_ext_accepted = array(
".doc", ".xls", ".txt", ".pdf", ".gif", ".jpg", ".zip", ".rar", ".7z",".ppt",
".html", ".xml", ".tiff", ".jpeg", ".png" );

......
......
......
/** upload()
**
** Method to upload the file.
** This is the only method to call outside the class.
** @para String name of directory we upload to
** @returns void
**/
function upload( $dir ){

$ret = $this->isUploadedFile();

if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->setDir( $dir );
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->checkExtension();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->checkSize();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

// if flag to check if the file exists is set to 1

if( $this->cls_file_exists == 1 ){

$ret = $this->checkFileExists();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}
}

// if we are here, we are ready to move the file to destination

$ret = $this->move();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

// check if we need to rename the file

if( $this->cls_rename_file == 1 ){
$ret = $this->renameFile();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}
}

// if we are here, everything worked as planned :)

return $this->resultUpload( "SUCCESS" );

}
......
......
......
};

利用白名单对后缀名进行判断,上传后对文件重命名,同样存在条件竞争漏洞,利用burp不断上传图片码

Pass-20

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","pht","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

$file_name = $_POST['save_name'];
$file_ext = pathinfo($file_name,PATHINFO_EXTENSION);

if(!in_array($file_ext,$deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' .$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
}else{
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
}else{
$msg = '禁止保存为该类型文件!';
}

} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

通过POST传递保存的文件名,同样用00截断,也可以利用move_upload_file函数的漏洞,会忽略文件末尾的/.

进行上传测试

less-20.png

less-20.1.png

Pass-21

查看源码

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(!empty($_FILES['upload_file'])){
//检查MIME
$allow_type = array('image/jpeg','image/png','image/gif');
if(!in_array($_FILES['upload_file']['type'],$allow_type)){
$msg = "禁止上传该类型文件!";
}else{
//检查文件名
$file = empty($_POST['save_name']) ? $_FILES['upload_file']['name'] : $_POST['save_name'];
if (!is_array($file)) {
$file = explode('.', strtolower($file));
}

$ext = end($file);
$allow_suffix = array('jpg','png','gif');
if (!in_array($ext, $allow_suffix)) {
$msg = "禁止上传该后缀文件!";
}else{
$file_name = reset($file) . '.' . $file[count($file) - 1];
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' .$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$msg = "文件上传成功!";
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = "文件上传失败!";
}
}
}
}else{
$msg = "请选择要上传的文件!";
}

对保存的文件名进行验证,可以用数组+/.绕过

进行上传测试

less-21.png